There are roughly 200 million vehicles which currently ply India's roads, of which less than one percent are electric vehicles. By 2040 it is estimated that India could be home to 31 million EVs. To keep this fleet running, a huge electric vehicle charging infrastructure is required. With the government's target of achieving the 30% e-mobility by 2030, we not only need to ramp up efforts in EV manufacturing, but also ensure that there are adequate charging stations in the country.
Government’s Initiative to tackle the hurdles for adoption of EVs
The major barrier in EV adoption is the unavailability of public charging infrastructure (PCS). To overcome this, the Government of India has released guidelines for charging infrastructure for EVs on 14 December 2018, with a proposal to cover 70 cities and 20% of highways at a cost of INR 5,000 crores by 2025. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) has been provided the mandate to procure the electric vehicles and establish charging stations across the country. EESL has been actively playing a role in promoting the adoption and deployment of EVs and the installation of EV chargers.
In a bid to achieve the government’s goal, several states in India have also released draft/final policies for promoting the adoption of EVs. The installation of public charging stations (PCS) would help in taking considerable strides in the creation of a sustainable EV ecosystem in the states across India. This would help meet the state level targets of increasing EV adoption in the market. EESL in association with United States Agency for International Development (USAID) under the bilateral programme with the Ministry of Power (MoP) is developing and implementing a scalable business model for public charging stations (PCS) to support the EV fleet in the country.
EESL’s National E-Mobility Programme of EESL was launched on March 7, 2018 by the Hon'ble Minister of Power & New and Renewable Energy with the goal to provide an impetus for Indian EV manufacturers, charging infrastructure companies, fleet operators, service providers, etc. The programme is helping gain efficiencies of scale and driving down costs, creating local manufacturing facilities, and growing technical competencies for the long-term growth of the electric vehicle (EV) industry in India.
Till date, 91 nos. of Public Charging Stations (PCS) complying with DC-001 (15kW) and 488 Captive chargers (308 AC & 180 DC) have been commissioned.